Submission to the will of Almighty God in order to get internal peace.
Surrender This is understood from a verse in the Holy Quran where Allah says: Sahih International Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allah is Islam. And those who were given the Scripture did not differ except after knowledge had come to them – out of jealous animosity between themselves. And whoever disbelieves in the verses of Allah , then indeed, Allah is swift in [taking] account. ( 3 : 19 )
This submission requires a fully conscious and willing effort to submit to the one Almighty God. SubmissionSahih International But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Muhammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission. ( 4: 65 ) Total submission is required after the surrender and some terms have to be set forth by Allah to be understood by the Muslim. There can be no option in the matter as Allah says in another verse, Sahih International The Day their faces will be turned about in the Fire, they will say, “How we wish we had obeyed Allah and obeyed the Messenger.” ( 33:66 ) Whatever Allah and His Messenger have set out as being the Way of Islam is incumbent on the believer, man or woman to follow completely. One must consciously and conscientiously give oneself to the service of Allah. Sincerity & Purity of Intention The heart must be clean and honest. Allah is Pure and He only accepts pure. Narrated `Umar bin Al-Khattab: The Prophet (?) said, “The (reward of) deeds depend on intentions, and every person will get the reward according to what he intends. So, whoever migrated for Allah and His Apostle, then his migration will be for Allah and His Apostle, and whoever migrated for worldly benefits or for marrying a woman, then his migration will be for what he migrated for.” (See Hadith No. 1, Vol. 1) Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 2529 In-book reference : Book 49, Hadith 14 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 3, Book 46, Hadith 706 (deprecated numbering scheme) Sincere intention is the key to the success or failure of the Muslim. All that he or she does must be for the sake of Allah and not for the chance to show off or call attention to himself or herself. If there is even a speck of pride or showing off for the people instead of doing for Allah, then the whole of the matter will be rejected by Allah on the Day of Judgment. This is due to the fact that Allah wants purity of intention and purity in deed. Peace “Peace” is mentioned 58 times in the Holy Quran and it is certainly the most sought after condition for the life of every human on earth and hereafter. Sahih International He is Allah , other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. ( 59:23 ) We are all striving to achieve peace and tranquility in our lives. So as soon as he or she has totally surrendered and submitted and obeyed Allah, in complete sincerity and as a result has achieved total and complete peace in this life and in the next.
A Muslim is a person who submits and obeys the will and guidance from the One and Only Almighty Creator, which is Allah. The Guidance is found in two sources: the Word of God named Quran, and collections of sayings & actions of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
A Muslim’s Foundation of Faith can be found in Six Pillars of Faith, which are:
1) Belief in Allah
2) Belief in angels
3) Belief in Allah’s revealed scriptures
4) Belief in the Prophets and Messengers of Allah
5) Belief in the Day of Judgment
6) Belief in Al-Qadar (Divine Predestination)
Meanwhile, in a framework of a Muslim’s life, he or she ensures that the Five Pillars of Islam are fulfilled, which consist of testimony of faith (Shahada), prayer, giving Zakat (2.5% obligatory donation), fasting (Sawm) during the month of Ramadan, and the pilgrimage (Hajj) to Makkah once in a lifetime for those who are able.
But when Jesus felt [persistence in] disbelief from them, he said, “Who are my supporters for [the cause of] Allah ?” The disciples said,” We are supporters for Allah . We have believed in Allah and testify that we are Muslims [submitting to Him]. ( Quran 3:52 )
Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was one inclining toward truth, a Muslim [submitting to Allah ]. And he was not of the polytheists. ( Quran 3 :67 )
Or were you witnesses when death approached Jacob, when he said to his sons, “What will you worship after me?” They said, “We will worship your God and the God of your fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac – one God. And we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.” ( Quran 2:133 )
All the prophets and messengers that has been sent by Allah are Muslim.
Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him is the last and final messenger of Allah for the whole humanity. Sahih International Muhammad is not the father of [any] one of your men, but [he is] the Messenger of Allah and last of the prophets. And ever is Allah , of all things, Knowing. ( 33:40 ) Is Al-Quran only for the Muslim? Al- Quran is the last revelation that was given through Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him for the whole humanity until the Day of Judgement. It is the book of guidance to mankind. Sahih International This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah – ( 2:2 )
Allah is the AlMighty God the one and only God that everyone need to worship. Allah is God to everyone. Sahih International Say, “He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.” ( 112:1-4 ) Sahih International And your god is one God. There is no deity [worthy of worship] except Him, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. ( 2:163 ) Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Allah’s Messenger (?) used to say at the time of difficulty, “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, the Majestic, the Most Forbearing. None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, the Lord of the Tremendous Throne. None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, the Lord of the Heavens and the Lord of the Honourable Throne. (See Hadith No. 357, Vol. 8) Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 7431 In-book reference : Book 97, Hadith 58 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 9, Book 93, Hadith 526 (deprecated numbering scheme)
Some other religions teach “God is everywhere.” This is actually called “pantheism” and it is the opposite of our belief system in Islam. Allah tells us clearly there is nothing, anywhere in the universe like Him similar to his likeness, nor is He ever in His creation. He tells us in the Quran He created the universe in six “yawm” (periods of time) and then He “astawah ‘ala al Arsh” (rose up, above His Throne). He is there (above His Throne) and will remain there until the End Times. Allah has such complete Knowledge as to be able to Know all things past, present and future in all places at exactly the same time. The same can be said for His absolute Hearing and Seeing. In this way, His Knowledge, His Hearing, His Sight is everywhere simultaneously. Sahih International Say, “He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.” ( 112:1-4 ) Sahih InternationalIndeed, your Lord is Allah , who created the heavens and earth in six days and then established Himself above the Throne. He covers the night with the day, [another night] chasing it rapidly; and [He created] the sun, the moon, and the stars, subjected by His command. Unquestionably, His is the creation and the command; blessed is Allah , Lord of the worlds. ( 7:54 ) We observe from these statements a very logical approach to understanding the nature of God without comparing Him to creation or putting Him in His creation.
Born become baby, enter primary school. enter secondary school, enter university, get a good job, become rich, happy and lastly died…Is that all? How do you want to achieve an eternal happiness ? The only way of knowing our purpose is by knowing our creator. Human were created in this world for a test. It is either we pass or fail the test. Every creation there must be a creator. Take an analogy where Amar build a chair. Amar is a creator while the chair is a creation. Amar build the chair for a purpose which is for people to sit. So human were created in this world for a purpose which is to worship the AlMighty God the one and only God which is Allah. I have only created Jinns and men, that they may serve Me. No Sustenance do I require of them, nor do I require that they should feed Me. For Allah is He Who gives (all) Sustenance,- Lord of Power,- Steadfast (for ever). (51-56-58) We must come to know our Creator, Sustainer and Ultimate Judge. We must learn to believe in Him, thank Him, praise Him, honor Him and worship Him, alone without any partners from His Creation. We must learn about His Messengers and Prophets, peace be upon them, and the message with which they were all sent. We must learn the Word of God as was directly revealed, preserved and memorized and passed down by memory throughout all the generations of Muslims to the present day. Those who are in search of truth, having open minds and hearts will recognize this as a message in truth and sincerity. Open your heart and your mind now and ask the Almighty God of the Universe [Allah] to guide you now to His True Way. And then be ready to accept your true purpose in life. If Allah is the Most Merciful why did Allah created Hell ? We need to realise that Allah is the Most Merciful and Most Justice. Take an analogy. First situation, if you are a teacher you want to mark your student’s final exam paper., you gave everyone pass the exam even though some of them actually failed for the exam. Would it be fair and justice to give a pass for those students who did not studied for the exam and end up failed compared with those students who spend their time for hours studied hard and smart? The answer is NO.. Second situation, if you are a boss you have two workers which are A and B. A performance was really good while B performance was bad. Would it be fair and justice if you give a reward ( increase in salary ) to B also? The answer is NO.. Therefore, Allah created Heaven is to reward those people ( Believers ) who followed His command sincerely while Hell is to punish those ( Unbelievers ) who did not followed His command. Yusuf Ali Not without purpose did We create heaven and earth and all between! that were the thought of Unbelievers! but woe to the Unbelievers because of the Fire (of Hell)! ( 38:27 ) Allah Most Merciful and Most Justice.Sahih International And O my people, ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him. He will send [rain from] the sky upon you in showers and increase you in strength [added] to your strength. And do not turn away, [being] criminals.” ( 11:52 ) But bear in mind that it does not mean that all non-muslim are unbelievers, as some of the non-muslim do not know about Islam clearly or they may get the message of Islam through the wrong source or channel. Thus Allah do not punish someone who have no true knowledge about Islam. Yusuf Ali Who receiveth guidance, receiveth it for his own benefit: who goeth astray doth so to his own loss: No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent an apostle (to give warning). (17:15)
Q u e s t i o n :
“I am a devoted Christian. I work as a teacher of English language and I have worked in several foreign countries. I have lived in countries like Japan, India. I have never suffered from a cultural shock except when I lived for a short while in an Arab Muslim country. The first shock was because of the way people degraded Jesus, the Lord. The second shock was because, though they were always nice to me, they still were not clear. They always claimed that they do believe in Jesus as a human prophet and that they highly appreciated the idea of a One Great God, who “would never beget or begotten”. To tell you the truth, it bugged my conscience a bit, but the idea was some how touching to my heart. But, then, when Ramadan was coming, I got messed up! People cared very much for “the moon”! They were waiting for the crescent to show up as if they worshiped it… The moment they knew it did appear their life style completely changed. They seemed as if they believed the moon was some how holy and divine. So, why don’t they believe in Jesus then?! At least Jesus cured the sick and paid for our sins! I hope I am not offending you by my questions. But, I left that country in 5 days after the start of Ramadan. I never understood why they see the moon as holy, while they claimed they only worshiped their “special and great” God! Please explain – thank you.”
– Jane Michael
A n s w e r :
Thank you for your questions. They do not offend us, but rather they show your desire to understand and know the truth about Islam and Muslims.
You raised several points in your question, and I would like to address them one by one.
You said that your first cultural shock was that Muslims degraded Jesus (peace be upon him). You did not say what exactly you heard that you felt was degrading.
We believe that Jesus was a human being, miraculously born of a virgin, and that he was a prophet and messenger of God. He miraculously spoke as a baby in the cradle, and later performed other miracles such as healing the sick and raising the dead – by the grace of Allah.
Are we degrading him because we do not accept that he is God or the Son of God? In fact, we Muslims feel that Christians are exalting him beyond his human nature.
We love and respect Jesus as a prophet and a messenger. We do not accept that he is “the Lord”. Rather Allah, the One Who created us all and Who sent Jesus and the other prophets, including Muhammad (peace be upon them all), is our Lord. I cannot believe that any Muslim, with a modicum of knowledge, would insult Jesus – in contrast to what many Christians often say about Muhammad.
You referred to the Muslims’ Special and Great God. We worship the same God as you. We just have some disagreement about His nature and, of course, about the nature of Jesus. God – or Allah in Arabic – is the One Who created everything and who will raise us and judge us all, on the Day of Judgment.
Your second shock, you said, was that Muslims “were not clear with you”. I do not quite understand this remark. They probably were trying to be nice, but you expected them to be either apologetic or aggressive and put things for you in: black and white.
I really wonder why you got that impression, instead of feeling that they wanted to offer you their admiration and respect, without offending you in any way? Maybe it was simply cultural differences here.
Is the Moon Divine?
There also seems to be a misunderstanding about Muslims’ excitement over sighting the new crescent of Ramadan. So let me elaborate a bit on that.
First of all, ask yourself, why do many Americans get so excited about watching a ball fall in Times Square on New Year’s Eve? It is just to mark the passage of time, the beginning of a new year.
I think you could draw an analogy with the sighting of the new moon at the beginning of Ramadan. It is marking the passage of time, the beginning of a blessed month. In all cultures you will find similar celebrations, rituals, and social events.
Ramadan, as you probably know, is a month of fasting and additional worship schedules. It is supposed to be a time of spiritual renewal and extra efforts to give charity, read Qur’an, pray… etc.
Even many Muslims who do not keep their prayers regularly, fast during the month of Ramadan. As for others, who worship regularly, they feel it is time for renewing their commitment that might have become a habit, more that a serene and consciously devoted relation with Allah.
So, the sighting of the moon at the beginning of Ramadan is not, as you interpreted, because Muslims worship the moon. It is just that they are happy to see the start of a happy and blessed month.
You remarked that people’s behavior changed completely during this month. It is true, unfortunately – that for many people – Ramadan has become a month of consumerism. This is as much as Xmas is not any more a purely religious event, but a season for the capital market, sales and shopping, even partying in five starts hotels for the rich ones!
On the other hand, it is also good and not far from the spirit of religion to consider it as a time for frequent dinners with family and friends, thus strengthening the social ties.
Again, you can see how many similarities run between different cultures and traditions, through their struggle to keep the spiritual aims of such times in tact, while coping with modern life styles.
As for sighting the moon, Islam follows a lunar calendar for its religious celebrations. In some countries, such as Saudi Arabia, the Islamic calendar is regularly used for everyday affairs. In other countries, the Gregorian calendar is used regularly, and the lunar calendar is referred to, for the religious holidays only.
In either case, the lunar calendar is a great mercy from God. Even if someone is stranded in a deserted place, he only needs to watch the moon and keep track of the new moons to mark the passage of time.
There is no need to be an astronomer and add occasional extra days, as with the solar calendar, so that the same months fall in the same seasons. Also, by following the lunar calendar, Ramadan and Hajj (pilgrimage) fall in different seasons of the year throughout a 33-year cycle. This way, one country does not always fast during a very hot or a very cold season, and likewise, the Hajj falls during various seasons of the year.
I hope that I have clarified things for you. Continue to search for answers to your questions, but remember not to judge Islam by what you see Muslims do. For, like in the case of Christians, Jews, and followers of any religion or creed, some Muslims do not practice what their religion teaches.
May God guide us all to the truth.
If you have any more questions, please do not hesitate to write to us.
[ Extracted from OnIslam.net ] Image from themeaningofislam.org & duskyswondersite.com
Muslim does not worship black box ( Ka’bah ) but we worship the AlMighty God the one and only God which is Allah. Ka’bah is just a direction for muslim to pray. It shows the symbol of our unity and synchronised. If muslim were worshipping Ka’bah, they will not step on the picture of Ka’bah that is on the praying mat. Sahih International So from wherever you go out [for prayer, O Muhammad] turn your face toward al- Masjid al-Haram, and indeed, it is the truth from your Lord. And Allah is not unaware of what you do. ( 2:149 ) Does one need to change their name after becoming a muslim ? A lot of people which includes muslim and non-muslim will normally ask someone who revert to Islam about their Islamic name. Islamic Name What is Islamic name? Islamic name is a name which contains good meaning and doesn’t have the meaning which put partner with Allah (mensyirikkan Allah). It does not matter whether it is a Chinese name, Indian name, Japanese name, Korean name and so on as long as it contains GOOD MEANING.
The first commandment of Allah to wear hijab (lower gaze, guard private part and also cover themselves) is to the man then only to the woman. One of the reasons that it was first reveal to the man is because physically man are more strong compare to woman. To wear hijab is a way one obey Allah commands, and the other reasons is to protect themselves and also to gain respect from people. Take an analogy. First situation. There are two women which are A and B. A wear a tight clothes with short skirts while B covered all her body. If you were in that situation which one you will look at? Of course you end up looking at A due to attraction because men are attracted to women especially towards their body. It is natural for men attract to women and vice versa. By wearing hijab and cover all their body will prevent them from crime rape. Sahih International Tell the believing men to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts. That is purer for them. Indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what they do. And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed. ( 24:30-31 ) Sahih International O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring down over themselves [part] of their outer garments. That is more suitable that they will be known and not be abused. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful. ( 33:59 ) Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him was founder of Islam? Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him was not the founder of Islam. Islam is there since the beginning of time during the time of Prophet Adam. Meaning of Islam is Submission, Peace, Sincerity and Obey to AlMighty God, the one and only God which is Allah. According to The Quran, everything in the universe, willingly or unwillingly has ultimately surrendered to God. Sahih International So is it other than the religion of Allah they desire, while to Him have submitted [all] those within the heavens and earth, willingly or by compulsion, and to Him they will be returned? ( 3:83 ) The Quran clearly states that Muhammad was a messenger and inspired just as the prophets before him:Sahih International Indeed, We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], as We revealed to Noah and the prophets after him. And we revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, the Descendants, Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and to David We gave the book [of Psalms]. ( 4:163 ) Sahih International Say, “We have believed in Allah and in what was revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Descendants, and in what was given to Moses and Jesus and to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [submitting] to Him.” ( 3:84 ) Sahih InternationalMuhammad is not but a messenger. [Other] messengers have passed on before him. So if he was to die or be killed, would you turn back on your heels [to unbelief]? And he who turns back on his heels will never harm Allah at all; but Allah will reward the grateful. ( 3:144 ) Also, The Quran specifically mentions the term “muslim” for those before prophet Muhammad, including: Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Jacob, and the companions of Jesus. Thus, the prophet Muhammad was not the founder of islam/submission, but simply continued this universal message as one of many messengers of God. Sahih International Our Lord, and make us Muslims [in submission] to You and from our descendants a Muslim nation [in submission] to You. And show us our rites and accept our repentance. Indeed, You are the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. ( 2:128 ) Sahih International When his Lord said to him, “Submit”, he said “I have submitted [in Islam] to the Lord of the worlds.” ( 2:131 ) Sahih International But when Jesus felt [persistence in] disbelief from them, he said, “Who are my supporters for [the cause of] Allah ?” The disciples said,” We are supporters for Allah . We have believed in Allah and testify that we are Muslims [submitting to Him]. ( 3:52 ) Sahih International Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was one inclining toward truth, a Muslim [submitting to Allah ]. And he was not of the polytheists. ( 3:67 ) Sahih International And [remember] when I inspired to the disciples, “Believe in Me and in My messenger Jesus.” They said, “We have believed, so bear witness that indeed we are Muslims [in submission to Allah ].” ( 5:111 ) Sahih International And if you turn away [from my advice] then no payment have I asked of you. My reward is only from Allah , and I have been commanded to be of the Muslims.” ( 10:72 )
Can a person retain their name if they want to become muslim? YES, they can retain their name 100% as this has been practised by some of the close companions of the Prophet Muhammad and the Prophet himself (May Allah peace be upon him). Examples are Muhammad bin Abdullah, Umar al Khattab and Ali bin Abu Talib. Is putting bin Abdullah something that is allowed? Is putting bin Abdullah to revert name something that is allow even though his father name is not Abdullah? The Holy Quran gives us a very clear statement: Call them by (the names of) their fathers: that is juster in the sight of Allah. But if ye know not their father’s (names, call them) your Brothers in faith, or your maulas. But there is no blame on you if ye make a mistake therein: (what counts is) the intention of your hearts: and Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful. (Al-Ahzab: 5) If don’t put bin Abdullah, how to let people know I am a muslim? There are a lot of ways to show people that you are a muslim. One of the ways is by growing beard as a lot of muslim normally grow beard and it is also something that a muslim should do as it is stated in the hadith: Hadith – Bukhari 7:781, Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: Allah’s Apostle said, “Cut the moustaches short and leave the beard (as it is).” Another way which some of the reverts did are by putting an arabic name in front of their name, example like Firdaus Wong Wai Hung, Adam Sih Huah Sing, Adam Golku Bin Subramaniam. And what I like to do to show people that I am a muslim is by going to the mosque always as muslim guys are very encourage to go to mosque daily to perform their 5 times solat a day. Any example of those who retain their name 100%? There are a lot of reverts in Malaysia who didn’t change their name and retain it 100% . They are Lim Jooi Soon, Shah Kirit Bin Kalkulai Govindji, Ng Kuan Beng, Goh Yee Mei, Ann Wan Seng, Eh Jun Guang and a lot more that retain their name.
Islam is easy, practical and always teach us that there is no compulsion (force) in religion. It should be the revert own’s decision whether they want to retain their name or not. But do not be surprise of people who don’t know about this as a lot of people which includes muslim and non-muslim have misunderstanding towards Islam and its practice. It is the duty of those who know to inform those who don’t.